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· 4 min read
Feodor Fitsner

We've just released Flet 0.4.0 with a super exciting new feature - packaging Flet apps into a standalone static website that can be run entirely in the browser! The app can be published to any free hosting for static websites such as GitHub Pages or Cloudflare Pages. Thanks to Pyodide - a Python port to WebAssembly!

You can quickly build awesome single-page applications (SPA) entirely in Python and host them everywhere! No HTML, CSS or JavaScript required!

Quick Flet with Pyodide demo

Install the latest Flet package:

pip install flet --upgrade

Create a simple counter.py app:

counter.py
import flet as ft

def main(page: ft.Page):
page.title = "Flet counter example"
page.vertical_alignment = ft.MainAxisAlignment.CENTER

txt_number = ft.TextField(value="0", text_align=ft.TextAlign.RIGHT, width=100)

def minus_click(e):
txt_number.value = str(int(txt_number.value) - 1)
page.update()

def plus_click(e):
txt_number.value = str(int(txt_number.value) + 1)
page.update()

page.add(
ft.Row(
[
ft.IconButton(ft.icons.REMOVE, on_click=minus_click),
txt_number,
ft.IconButton(ft.icons.ADD, on_click=plus_click),
],
alignment=ft.MainAxisAlignment.CENTER,
)
)

ft.app(main)

Run a brand-new flet publish command to publish Flet app as a static website:

flet publish counter.py

The website will be published to dist directory next to counter.py. Give website a try using built-in Python web server:

python -m http.server --directory dist

Open http://localhost:8000 in your browser to check the published app.

Here are a few live Flet apps hosted at Cloudflare Pages:

Check the guide for more information about publishing Flet apps as standalone websites.

Built-in Fletd server in Python

Flet 0.4.0 also implements a new Flet desktop architecture.

It replaces Fletd server written in Go with a light-weight shim written in Python with a number of pros:

  1. Only 2 system processes are needed to run Flet app: Python interpreter and Flutter client.
  2. Less communication overhead (minus two network hops between Python and Fletd) and lower latency (shim uses TCP on Windows and Unix domain sockets on macOS/Linux).
  3. Shim binds to 127.0.0.1 on Windows by default which is more secure.
  4. The size of a standalone app bundle produced by flet pack reduced by ~8 MB.

The implementation was also required to support Pyodide (we can't run Go web server in the browser, right?) and paves the way to iOS and Android support.

Other changes

  • All controls loading resources from web URLs (Image.src, Audio.src, Page.fonts, Container.image_src) are now able to load them from local files too, by providing a full path in the file system, and from assets directory by providing relative path. For desktop apps a path in src property could be one of the following:
    • A path relative to assets directory, with or without starting slash, for example: /image.png or image.png. The name of artifact dir should not be included.
    • An absolute path within a computer file system, e.g. C:\projects\app\assets\image.png or /Users/john/images/picture.png.
    • A full URL, e.g. https://mysite.com/images/pic.png.
    • Add page.on_error = lambda e: print("Page error:", e.data) to see failing images.
  • flet Python package has separated into two packages: flet-core and flet.
  • PDM replaced with Poetry.
  • beartype removed everywhere.

💥 Breaking changes

  • Default routing scheme changed from "hash" to "path" (no /#/ at the end of app URL). Use ft.app(main, route_url_strategy="hash") to get original behavior.
  • OAuth authentication is not supported anymore in standalone desktop Flet apps.

Async support

Flet apps can now be written as async apps and use asyncio with other Python async libraries. Calling coroutines is naturally supported in Flet, so you don't need to wrap them to run synchronously.

To start with an async Flet app you should make main() method async:

import flet as ft

async def main(page: ft.Page):
await page.add_async(ft.Text("Hello, async world!"))

ft.app(main)

Read the guide for more information about writing async Flet apps.

Conclusion

Flet 0.4.0 brings the following exciting features:

  • Standalone web apps with Pyodide running in the browser and hosted on a cheap hosting.
  • Faster and more secure architecture with a built-in Fletd server.
  • Async apps support.

Upgrade Flet module to the latest version (pip install flet --upgrade), give flet publish command a try and let us know what you think!

Hey, by the way, Flet project has reached ⭐️ 4.2K stars ⭐️ (+1K in just one month) - keep going!

· One min read
Feodor Fitsner

Happy New Year! Flet project has reached ⭐️ 3.3K stars ⭐️ on GitHub which is very exciting and encouraging! Thank you all for your support!

We are starting this year with the release of Flet 0.3.2 bringing a long-awaited feature: creating standalone desktop bundles with a custom icon!

flet command has been used for running Flet program with hot reload, but we recently re-worked Flet CLI to support multiple actions.

There is a new flet pack command that wraps PyInstaller API to package your Flet Python app into a standalone Windows executable or macOS app bundle which can be run by a user with no Python installed.

Command's --icon argument is now changing not only executable's icon, but Flet's app window icon and the icon shown in macOS dock, Windows taskbar, macOS "About" dialog, Task Manager and Activity Monitor:

Bundle name, version and copyright can be changed too:

Find all available options for packaging desktop apps in the updated guide.

Upgrade Flet module to the latest version (pip install flet --upgrade), give flet pack command a try and let us know what you think!